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Name:  Adenine

Synonyms:  6-Aminopurine ; Vitamin B4; Vitamin B4; 6-Aminopurine

Molecular Formula:  C5H5N5

Molecular Weight:  135.13

CAS Number:  73-24-5

EINECS:  200-796-1

Adenine is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energy-rich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), and protein synthesis, as a chemical component of DNA and RNA. The shape of adenine is complementary to either thymine in DNA or uracil in RNA. Adenine is one of the two purine nucleobases (the other being guanine) used in forming nucleotides of the nucleic acids. In DNA, adenine binds to thymine via two hydrogen bonds to assist in stabilizing the nucleic acid structures. In RNA, which is used in the cytoplasm for protein synthesis, adenine binds to uracil. Adenine forms adenosine, a nucleoside, when attached to ribose, and deoxyadenosine when attached to deoxyribose. It forms adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a nucleotide, when three phosphate groups are added to adenosine. Adenosine triphosphate is used in cellular metabolism as one of the basic methods of transferring chemical energy between chemical reactions.
Specification
Product name Adenine
Item Specification (USP26)
Appearance White or almost white crystalline powder
Identification infrared absorption
Assay (HPLC) 98.0-102.0%
Loss on drying 1.0% Max
Residue on ignition 0.1ax
Heavy metals 0.001
Organic volatile impurities: complies
Organic impurities complies
Nitrogen content 50.2- 53.4%
 

Packing: 20kg /barrel

Storage:   Stored in a dry and cool place, keep away from strong light and heat.

Shelf life: Two years when stored properly in a well-closed container.

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