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Phenol Basic information
Product Name: Phenol
Synonyms: OXYBENZENE;PHENIC ACID;PHENOL;PHENOL, LIQUEFIED;PHENOL LIQUIFIED;PHENOL REAGENT;PHENOL SATURATED, PH 4.5;PHENOL SINGLE PHASE BUFFER, SATURATED
CAS: 108-95-2
MF: C6H6O
MW: 94.11
EINECS: 203-632-7
Product Categories: Phenol;Aromatics Compounds;Chemistry;Chemical Synthesis;Aromatics;Electrophoresis Materials;Alphabetical Listings;Flavors and Fragrances;O-P;PER - POLAEPA;TO-8: Cresol And Phenol By HPLC-UV-EC-FIMethod Specific;EPA TO Methods;Molecular Biology;N-PAlphabetic;Pesticides&Metabolites;Acids and BasesMolecular Biology;Biochemicals and Reagents;Denaturation;DNA&RNA Purification;Plant Nucleic Acid Purification;Reagents;ReagentsPlant Molecular Biology;2000/60/EC;International Standards;NIOSH and OSHA Methods;OSHA 32: Analysis of Phenol in Indoor AirVolatiles/ Semivolatiles;PER - POLAMethod Specific;Alpha Sort;European Community: ISO and DIN;P;P-SAlphabetic
Mol File: 108-95-2.mol
 

 
Phenol Chemical Properties
mp  40-42 °C(lit.)
 
bp  182 °C(lit.)
 
density  1.071 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
 
vapor density  3.24 (vs air)
 
vapor pressure  0.09 psi ( 55 °C)
 
refractive index  n20/D 1.53
 
FEMA  3223
Fp  175 °F
 
storage temp.  2-8°C
 
solubility  H2O: 50 mg/mL at 20 °C, clear, colorless
 
form  liquid
 
color  faintly yellow
 
Water Solubility  8 g/100 mL
FreezingPoint  41℃
Sensitive  Air & Light Sensitive
Merck  14,7241
BRN  969616
CAS DataBase Reference 108-95-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference Phenol(108-95-2)
EPA Substance Registry System Phenol(108-95-2)

 
Safety Information
Hazard Codes  T,C,F,Xn
Risk Statements  23/24/25-34-48/20/21/22-68-40-39/23/24/25-11-36-20/21/22-24/25
Safety Statements  26-36/37/39-45-36/37-28A-28-24/25-1/2-36-16
RIDADR  UN 2821 6.1/PG 2
 
WGK Germany  2
 
RTECS  SJ3325000
 
F  8-23
HazardClass  6.1
PackingGroup  II
Hazardous Substances Data 108-95-2(Hazardous Substances Data)

 
MSDS Information 

Provider Language
ACROS  English
SigmaAldrich  English
ALFA  English

 
Phenol Usage And Synthesis
Chemical Properties White solid
Usage Purified for molecular genetics applications
General Description A solid melting at 110°F. Colorless if pure, otherwise pink or red. Flash point 175°F. Density 9.9 lb / gal. Vapors are heavier than air Corrosive to the skin (turning skin white) but because of its anesthetic quality numbs rather than burn. Lethal amounts can be absorbed through the skin. Used to make plastics and adhesives.
Air & Water Reactions Decomposes slowly in air. Mixtures of 9-10% phenol in air are explosive. Soluble in water
Reactivity Profile PHENOL is a weak acid. Reacts exothermically with bases. Reacts with strong oxidizing agents. Emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes when heated to decomposition. Undergoes, in the presence of aluminum chloride, potentially explosive reactions with nitromethane, butadiene, formaldehyde, peroxodisulfuric acid, peroxosulfuric acid, and sodium nitrite . Reacts violently with sodium nitrate in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 770]. May corrode lead, aluminum and its alloys, certain plastics, and rubber. Phenol may explode in contact with peroxodisulfuric acid (Dns, J. Ber., 1910, 43, 1880; Z. Anorg. Chem., 1911, 73, 1911.) or peroxomonosulfuric acid. (Sidgwick, 1950, 939)
Health Hazard Toxic hazard rating is very toxic: probable oral lethal dose (human) is 50-500 mg/kg. Ingestion of 1 gram has been lethal to humans. Lethal amounts may be absorbed through skin or inhaled. Industrial contact can cause chronic poisoning with kidney and liver damage. Persons affected with hepatic or kidney diseases are at a greater risk.
Fire Hazard Flammable vapors when heated. Runoff from fire control water may give off poisonous gases and cause pollution. Mixtures of 9-10% phenol in air are explosive. Avoid aluminum chloride/nitrobenzene mixture, peroxodisulfuric acid, peroxomonosulfuric acid and strong oxidizing agents. Decomposes slowly on air contact. Avoid contact with strong oxidizing agents.

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